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[知乎卡城]【史上最全!】怎么在阿尔伯塔“拿”驾照!

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主页君
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这是卡尔加里生活微信平台发布的一篇文章,供大家参考:


前两天有人在微信平台上问主页君怎么在卡尔加里考驾照,我一盘算,似乎要写的东西不少,实在太忙,所以稍微搁置了一天,今天给大家总结一下:


怎么在阿尔伯塔“拿”驾照!!!


为什么说“拿”,而不是考呢?嘿嘿,我们要分几类讲,大家听我慢慢道来~




1
完全生手,从来就没有过驾照!



一般留学生的这种情况比较多,当然也有部分移民也从来没开过车,现在想考了。


阿省规定,如果你想考驾照,必须是满足以下其中某一项条件:


1、公民

2、永居

3、学签

4、工签


所以,如果你没有满足其中一项,那么是不能考驾照的。


>> 考7号驾照


等你能考了,那么先看交规吧,Registry都有,网上还有中文版本的(现在找不到了,努力搜寻中)




英文pdf版:

Driver's Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing  (pdf 17.61 MB) Version July 2016

英文网络版:

Driver's Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing (Web version) Version July 2016


以主页君的经验就是,看完一两遍以后,根本就看不下去,因为都是一些基本常识,但是呢,当你考试的时候就会发现,你可能就掉入了选择题的陷阱了。。很尴尬呀!!!




这时候,该拿出我们中国人的绝密武器了:做考题!!!


在Google里搜“alberta driver license practice class 7”等关键词,找到试题一通做,你会发现有奇效,比看书快多了!!!


等你做完20遍题,你会发现考试so easy啊!!


官方试题链接:



>> 考5号驾照


考完了7号驾照,你就可以在5号高级驾照的小伙伴的指导下上路了。然后你得等一年才能考5号见习驾照(Graduated Driver’s Licence,简称GDL)


然后拿到5号GDL再等两年才能考5号Full(5号高级驾照),当然,在持有5号GDL的时候,你只有8分能扣,扣完了就要被吊销了,而且血液酒精浓度必须是0(滴酒不能沾),如果在此期间驾照被吊销,你考5号高级驾照的等待时间要延长。



2
国内有驾照



这种情况其实最普遍,因为很多移民都是在国内有过工作经验。


首先,你还是要先通过7号驾照的理论考试。


考试技巧参考上面的经验之谈,千万不要轻敌,因为主页君就考折过一次。。


在考完7号以后,Registry会给你一张临时驾驶证的纸。

然后,你就可以开始筹划考5号驾照了。


但是在考之前,你要拿着自己的国内驾照去找个公证员公证一下,有很多华人公证员哦,就不在这里打广告了,自己找找吧。


将公证件交给Registry以后,那边会有1-2周的审核周期,据说是要跟国内的机构核实,等核实完以后就可以直接约5号驾照路考了。




这个时候,又有两种情况出现了~~


如果你在国内有驾照,而且驾龄在2年以上,你在阿尔伯塔是在考完7号驾照以后,基本不用等就可以考5号高级驾照。


如果没有满两年,那么只能考5号见习驾照(GDL)。


路考的注意细节,主页君就不一一阐述了,每个人的都有自己的不好的驾驶习惯,需要当地老司机带带路,或者请教练指导一下。




3
加拿大外省有驾照



阿尔伯塔规定,加拿大外省驾照可以直接阿尔伯塔驾照。


但是,如果你只有不到两年的正式驾照驾龄(例如安省的G牌),在阿尔伯塔只能拿5号见习驾照(GDL),然后等两年再考高级驾照。




如果有两年的驾龄,就可以直接换5号高级驾照。


好了,以上就是在阿尔伯塔拿驾照的几个基本套路,过程和细节,需要大家自己注意了,路考前最好能约个教练指导一下,因为有些老司机也是半瓶水。。


阿尔伯塔省政府也有一些关于本省驾照的详细规定,大家可以研读一下:


Find out how to get a driver’s licence in Alberta.


Alberta has 7 classes of driver’s licences, ranging from a Class 7 learner’s licence to a Class 1 professional licence. The class that you need will depend on your level of experience and the type of vehicle you want to drive.

New drivers must follow some steps before they can legally drive in the province.


Graduated Driver’s Licence (GDL)


New drivers must go through the GDL program to get the support, skills, and experience they need to earn a full Class 5 licence.

If you have held a Class 7 learner’s licence for at least 1 year, are 16 years of age and older and have passed a Class 5 basic road test, you may join the GDL program.


While driving with a Class 5-GDL licence, the following rules apply:

  • each passenger must wear a seatbelt

  • a GDL licence will be suspended at 8 demerit points

  • blood alcohol level of the driver must be 0 percent

  • class 1, 2, 3, or 4 licence upgrades are not allowed 

  • a GDL driver cannot be the accompanying driver to a learner


To upgrade from a GDL licence to a full Class 5 licence, you must:

  • be 18 years of age and older

  • pass an advanced road test

  • hold a probationary driver’s licence – Class 5-GDL – for at least 2 years

  • have no suspensions in your last year before applying for a full driver’s licence (a suspension will increase the time you must remain in the GDL program)

  • pass a Class 5 or Class 6 Advanced Road Test.


Types of licences


Alberta has seven classes of driver’s licences: 


Class 1 - Professional


Allows you to drive:

  • any motor vehicle other than a motorcycle

  • a motorcycle as a learner.


Class 2 – Professional (bus)


Allows you to drive:

  • any motor vehicle that the holder of a Class 3, 4 or 5 driver’s licence is allowed to drive

  • a bus

  • a Class 1 or 6 vehicle as a learner.


Class 3 – Professional (3 axles or more)


Allows you to drive:

  • any motor vehicle that the holder of a Class 5 licence may drive

  • a single motor vehicle with 3 or more axles

  • a motor vehicle with 3 or more axles that is towing a trailer with one or more axles (if the trailer is not equipped with airbrakes)

  • a Class 2 or 4 type vehicle without passengers  (bus, taxi, ambulance)

  • a Class 1, 2 or 6 vehicle as a learner


You may not drive:

  • a vehicle that can seat more than 15 people including the driver

  • that transports passengers for hire


Class 4 – Professional (taxi, ambulance)


Allows you to drive:

  • a taxi, ambulance or bus (including a school or kindergarten bus) that seats fewer than 25 people including the driver

  • all motor vehicles included under Class 5

  • a Class 1, 2, 3 or 6 vehicle as a learner


Class 5 Full, Class 5-GDL – 2 axle, car, light truck, motor home, or moped


Allows you to:

  • drive a two-axle single motor vehicle

  • drive a motorhome without airbrakes unless you hold an air brake certificate

  • tow a trailer with one or more axles if the trailer is not equipped with airbrakes

  • drive a moped, a recreational vehicle, or any combination of recreational vehicles and a trailer, if the trailer has two axles or less, and isn’t equipped with airbrakes

*see Graduated Driver’s Licence (GDL) for specific restrictions if you hold a Class-5 GDL.


Class 6 – Motorcycle & moped


Allows you to drive:

  • a motorcycle or moped

  • all other motor vehicles under class 5 as a learner.

If you already have a Class 5 driver’s licence, you’ll need to take a Class 6 knowledge and road tests.

If you don’t already hold a Class 5, you’ll need to complete all the requirements of a Class 7, pass a Class 6 road test, and be placed in the GDL program before you can get a full Class 6 licence.

Class 7 – Learners

Allows you to drive:

  • a moped

  • other class 5 or 6 vehicles as a learner


Licence suspensions


Drivers guilty of a crime involving the use or control of a motor vehicle may have their licence suspended or disqualified.


It is illegal to drive with a licence that has been suspended or disqualified. 


Licenced drivers who have a demerit suspension can apply for a restricted licence. The Restricted Operator’s Licence Program helps people who need to drive for employment, health, or educational reasons while they are serving a demerit suspension. Certain restrictions and eligibility requirements apply. Drivers in the GDL program are not eligible.


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